Founded by Daniel Swarovski in 1895 as a family business, it has since grow to a brand name today. They are the finest quality man-made crystal in the world as far as I know. Every single piece of crystal is so finely produce, its appearance and shimmering capabilities has the same characteristics as diamonds.
How Swarovski Crystals are made?
Man-made from natural minerals and pure quartz sand, they are combined and fired for an undisclosed period of time. Once removed from firing, they go through a very slow cooling process. The slow cooling process reduces flaws and imperfections in the final product.
These specialty crystals have a lead content of 32% which enables them to be categorized as full lead crystal. Lead was then added in order to maximize refraction, thus creating a better quality crystal. Chemical coatings are used to create the many different colors of the crystals. Clear crystals are more difficult to produce since they must be without impurities. Even though lead is a known toxin, the wearing of crystal
The crystals are cut using a special cutting machine designed by Daniel Swarovski. This machine is able to cut crystals into as much as 100 mirrored facets in various directions. Hence, allowing light refraction to creating brilliant prisms and colors.
The direction of which the crystals are cut are determined by computer. They are cut using the same precision-cutting process in which diamonds are cut. Special metallic coatings may be painted on the crystals to capture a full spectrum of rainbow colors, and later polish to finish.
How Is Swarovski Crystal Made?By China Zmuida, eHow Editor